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Tabuco (Cabuyao, La Laguna)

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After our Santa Rosa Easter Sunday walk, Krystal and I proceeded to nearby Cabuyao town.

A handsome bahay na bató across Saint Polycarp Church's south transept.

A long time ago, the northern part of La Laguna province was once a very huge town. It used to comprise what are now known as San Pedro, Biñán, Santa Rosa, Cabuyao, Rizal’s beloved Calambâ, and perhaps areas of today’s Santo Tomás town in Batangas province. This large lakeshore town was then known as Tabuco (usually spelled as Tabuko).

Like in many parts of the pre-Philippine era, Tabuco was then inhabited by people who originated from Malay nations. When Manila was possessed by Miguel López de Legazpi in 1570, he sent his grandson, Juan de Salcedo, to explore these parts of La Laguna de Bay. But the first indio settlement conquered by capitán de Salcedo was the lake’s eastern portion known today as Taytay and Caintâ in the province of Morong (now Rizal province). Afterwards, he and his men crossed the lake and Acherón at Barrio Pinagsañgahán (now known as Pagsanján, La Laguna). They continued inland and conquered the nearby settlements of Nagcarlán and Majayjay, also in La Laguna.

Since the place was already mountainous, the party of de Salcedo went back to the Lake of Bay (or Ba-í) and continued to conquer the lakeshore’s northern settlements. Later on, they anchored along the shores of Tabuco. Just like the settlement of Bay, the Spaniards discovered that Tabuco had large plains and thick forests. Among them who were knowledgeable with agriculture agreed that Tabuco’s climate was also suitable to farm crops.

On 16 January 1571, Miguel López de Legaspi converted Tabuco into an encomienda or a town under the helm of Gaspar Ramírez. The barrios of Malabanan (Biñán), Santa Rosa, and other territories was placed under the administration of the Tabuco government. The boundary to the north was: San Pedro Tunasán (which was also a part of Tabuco; it is now simply known as San Pedro; Tunasán is now a mere barrio or barangáy of Ciudad de Muntinlupà); to the south was the town of Bay (a stone’s throw away from Los Baños); west was Suñgay (now divided into two barrios of Ciudad de Tagaytay, Cavite: Suñgay del Norte and Suñgay del Sur), and; to the east was the Lake of Bay (or Laguna de Bay).

A couple of years later, the barrios which made up Tabuco became independent from the local central government. Barrio San Pedro (my current residence), for instance, became a separate town on 18 January 1725. Biñán, Santa Rosa, etc. followed suit. All that is left of that local government is what we now know as the Municipality of Cabuyao, the town that is sandwiched by the cities of Santa Rosa and Calambâ.

Up to 1997, the people of Cabuyao celebrated 16 January as their town’s feast day. But former Santo Sepulcro (in Landayan, San Pedro) parish priest Monsignor Jerry Bitoon changed it to 23 February which is the feast day of Saint Polycarp.

Inside a jeepney, on our way to Cabuyao from Santa Rosa (04/04/2010).

A Nestlé Philippines plant along Mahárlica Highway is one of Cabuyao's industrial engines. A dear uncle of mine was a top-ranking manager here before he transferred to Malaysia.

National Road/Mahárlica Highway.

True Brown Style!

When Tabuco was transformed into an encomienda, The Order of Missionaries of the Augustinian Recollects arrived. This is, of course, due to the fact that the receiver of the grant (which, in this case, was Ramírez) had the responsibility to protect the indios from warring tribes (and from warring against each other), to teach them the Spanish language, and to Christianize them. A little later, the Augustinian Recollects handed Tabuco over to the Franciscans.

Like most towns, Cabuyao also has its share of legends as to how its name originated. It is said that when the Franciscans arrived by boat, they saw women washing clothes along the lakeshore. They asked these women the name of the place. Due to language barriers, the ladies thought that the friars were asking for the name of the fruit extract that they were then using to wash their clothes. These fruits were from the nearby cabuyao (or cabullao) trees. And so these unknowing ladies replied “cabuyao” to the friars. Another similar version says that the women thought that the friars were asking for the names of the trees growing around the wharf where they first docked.

In compliance to Spain’s Christianization mission, the friars started building a stone church for the indios in the second half of the 1700s. It was actually the second church to be built since the first one was destroyed by floods and strong waves. The church was finally finished some time in 1771. It was dedicated to Saint Polycarp — bishop, martyr, and titular head of the Catholic Church in Asia.

Thankfully, the church has retained its original feature throughout the years. It is also famous for having the controversial secular priest Father Mariano Gómez of the GómBurZa as its parish priest from 1848 to 1862. Together with the town’s alcalde, José Deasanta Rivera, Fr. Gómez built a cemetery in front of the church on the right side of the tribunal. Eerily, this site is now the home of the Monastery of Saint Clare.

During the American era, The Church of Saint Polycarp was witness to the town’s single bloody event in its history: the Sakdalista attack of 1935. The Sakdalista was an anti-American movement founded by Senate employee Benigno Ramos (the same man who, together with Artemio Ricarte, organized the infamous MAkabayan KAtipunan Ñg Mg̃a PILIpino or Alliance of Philippine Patriots, more popularly known in its abbreviated form MAKAPILI). When Ramos’s opposition to the Tydings-McDuffie Law failed (because he demanded for the Philippines’ absolute independence from imperialist US), his 20,000-strong group attacked 14 towns in various provinces. One of the ill-fated towns was Cabuyao, La Laguna. Today, one can still see bullet marks within the vicinity of the church.

Crossing a road to get to Cabuyao's parish church.

Iglesia de San Policarpo de Esmirna.

Behind the calachuchì.

Shrouded by an acacia tree.

St. Polycarp, the martyred Christian bishop of Smyrna (in parts that is now covered by the Republic of Turkey).

Liceo de Cabuyao, located within the vicinity of the Church of Saint Polycarp.

The church's nave is not that long.

The simple yet appealing altarpiece.


The good news on Easter Sunday (04/04/2010).

A painting of Saint Polycarp being martyred (somebody get rid of that wall clock, hahaha!).

A chapel dedicated to the Saint Polycarp, located inside the church's north transept.

The church's old bell, dating back to the Spanish times. No longer in use due to a crack, it is now on display outside the church. I wasn't able to figure out if it was made by Hilarión Sunico of San Nicolás, Manila because the bell was protected by a steel fence.

At the choirloft.

Church tower.

Krystal just loves church towers!

A wall painting at the choirloft, probably of a saint. I asked the choirmaster who she is, but he didn't know.

A holy water stoup with Spanish inscription.

Krystal with the young choir.

The choirmaster did not allow us to go further up the church tower.

The entrance to the Monastery of Saint Clare fronts the church and the town plaza.

A wide chapel within the monastery grounds.

The town plaza is in front of the monastery and beside the town church.

It's tocayo again.

Only a handful of Antillean houses or bahay na bató is left here in Cabuyao. Fortunately, they are well taken care of by the owners.

Nestlé break. A show of support for Uncle Amador Alas y Évora who helped my family dearly many years ago. =)

I had a hard time taking a picture of this house, whether near...

...or far.

Commercial boon/bane.

Like the UnionBank branch in Santa Rosa whose photo I took, this bahay na bató is now known as Rose Pharmacy.

Going home.

I just love taking pictures of roads (especially the smooth ones) while inside vehicles!

It is sad to note that Cabuyao has somehow lost its touch of rural charm, something that the Philippines is known for, and something which still sparks our generation’s childhood delights and memories. The curse of cityhood is slowly creeping into the municipality. Gone are the large farmlands and thick forests, and its share of the lake is not fit anymore for swimming nor frolic like it used to be in the glory old days of Spanish Philippines. But the unchanging Church of Saint Polycarp and the few remaining bahay na bató still stand as living testaments to this town’s hispanic past.


Black Saturday

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A sculpture of Jesus Christ's dead body with an angel by his side on top of the Church of Santo Sepulcro in Barrio Landayan, San Pedro Tunasán, La Laguna (08/07/2010). Jesus Christ is fondly called Lolo Uweng in these parts.

Today, all Christian nations (particularly Catholic countries such as ours) commemorate the day that the Lord Jesus Christ’s brutalized body was laid in a sepulcher…

In Roman Catholic Churches, the sanctuary remains stripped completely bare (following the Mass on Maundy Thursday) while the administration of the sacraments is severely limited. Holy Communion after the Good Friday service is given only as Viaticum to the dying. Baptism, Penance, and Anointing of the Sick may be administered because they, like Viaticum, are helpful to ensuring salvation for the dying. All Masses are severely limited. No Mass at all appears in the normal liturgy for this day, although Mass can be said on Good Friday and on Holy Saturday for an extremely grave or solemn situation with a dispensation from the Vatican or the local bishop.

SOURCE: Wikipedia

Laguna de Bay Is Still Rising!

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From our place here in Barrio San Vicente, San Pedro, La Laguna, Laguna de Bay is only a fifteen- to twenty-minute walk for me. When Typhoon Ondoy whipped Metro Manila and its surrounding environs last September 26, the lake overflowed, flooding countless barrios (barangays), leaving thousands of families living on the lakeshore homeless. Supertyphoon Pepeng almost struck Metro Manila yesterday. But thankfully it changed its course.

The rains may have subsided, but the lake is still rising!

Rains spawned by typhoon “Pepeng” caused floodwaters around the already swollen Laguna Lake to rise by a few centimeters yesterday, forcing thousands of families to flee to higher grounds.

Parts of Calamba City and the towns of San Pedro, Biñan, Sta. Rosa, Cabuyao, Los Baños, Bay, Victoria, Pila, Sta. Cruz, Lumban, Kalayaan, Paete, Siniloan, Mabitac, Sta. Maria, Pangil and Pakil remained flooded.

Defense Secretary Gilbert Teodoro Jr. has raised the possibility of the need to rescue more residents living along the lake as its water continued to rise to a critical level.

“The Laguna Lake drains slowly. It is a particular concern,” said Teodoro, who informed President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo that he would personally check on the lake if weather permitted yesterday.

Below are some videos of San Pedro’s lakeshore barrios which suffered from the floods caused by Typhoon Ondoy:

I visited the Santo Sepulcro in Barrio Landayan last Friday morning for my weekly panatà. As I was walking through Calle Hernández (the main road going to the church from the highway), I was surprised to see no vendors on either side of the road. And I see many vehicles filled with wet belongings. I realized that the flood’s devastation was just nearby. It wasn’t raining yet, but the roads are all wet.

After saying my prayers in the church, I visited the gymnasium in front of it. There were still evacuees, but according to an old man I spoke with, many evacuees were already transferred to other places in San Pedro. The old man said some were already transferred to San Pedro’s bondoc area; some where at the población. According to him, San Pedro Mayor Calixto Catáquiz has already spent thousands of pesos (I heard around P100,000 in Landayan alone) for the relief efforts of his constituents.

I was heavily saddened by what I saw: there were so many children. Their situation was deplorable. Only cardboards separated their bodies from the cement floor (the situation was the same at the población which I visited later). The number of victims is so great that the country indeed needs more help from the international community.

The flood in Landayan reached the Balón ng Mahál na Señor, the miraculous well linked to the Church of Santo Sepulcro. According to one resident I spoke with, the last great flood they experienced was in 1972. But this flood caused by Ondoy (and partly by man) was even worse.

Miraculously, the church was spared. The flood waters were just a few meters away from the miraculous church of Lolo Uweng.

May Lolo Uweng tame the great lake of Laguna…

Santuario de Jesús en el Santo Sepulcro (Landayan, San Pedro Tunasán, La Laguna)

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One day in 2004, I was walking around San Pedro, La Laguna looking for an apartment for my young family. I was about to relocate them there from our place in BF Homes-Parañaque, Las Piñas City. A female cousin of mine who married a San Pedrense suggested that I move there because of the low cost of living (particularly the house rents) although it’s just a few kilometers away from the Metro.

I happened to pass by one of San Pedro’s barrios called Landayan. The place somehow had a rustic feel to it. Somehow, my tired feet led me to a small, queer church which I first thought was a chapel. But upon nearing it, I realized it was a church. It was closely tucked within the small houses around it.

In front of this church was a wide-roofed multi-purpose gymnasium. Between the gym and the barrio road is a small plaza with two ancient acacia trees. Being a newly reconverted Catholic, I strolled around the church out of interest.

I then wondered what the name that church was…

The Shrine of Jesus Christ in the Holy Sepulchre, Landayan, San Pedro, La Laguna.

The Shrine of Jesus Christ in the Holy Sepulchre, Landayan, San Pedro, La Laguna.

Suddenly, a jeepney passed by in front of it. Like most jeepneys in the country, it had a banner on top of it. The name painted on that banner: SANTO SEPULCRO. And it’s sooner than I realized that Santo Sepulcro –or Parroquia de Santo Sepulcro (Parokya ng Santo Sepulcro in corrupted Tagalog)– is the name of that church.

I entered the empty church. The big wooden doors were half open. It was a late weekday afternoon, a Saturday if memory serves me right. I stopped for a while to pray for brighter days ahead as a feeble afternoon sunlight streamed through the colored glass panels.

It was the beginning of a beautiful covenant between me and Santo Sepulcro, now one of my favorite churches. I later learned that the church, particulary the black wooden image of Jesus Christ in a sepulchre, was miraculous. Hungry for the lost years of Christianity, I instantly became a devotee. As much as possible, all Fridays of the month should find me there. It was also at Parroquia de Santo Sepulcro where my two children, Krystal and Momay –who I refused to be baptized in the past due to my rabid atheism– were baptized at the same time; and it happened during my twenty-fifth birthday, one of the happiest days of my life!

And a few years later, on 1 December 2006, I was fortunate to witness a historic event when Parroquia de Sto. Sepulcro was proclaimed the Shrine of Jesus Christ in the Holy Sepulchre, or Dambana ni Jesús sa Banál na Libiñgan in Tagalog (Santuario de Jesucristo en el Santo Sepulcro in Spanish).

The church is oftentimes compared to the famous Quiapó Church because of countless devotees who visit the church every Friday. No one is sure when this Friday devotion began, but it has become a sort of “tourist and religious attraction” for the bustling municipality of San Pedro, La Laguna. Some people even call this church “The Quiapó church of Laguna”.

Because of the biography that I’m currently cowriting (with Arnold Arnáiz) for Mayor Calixto Catáquiz of San Pedro (and perhaps through divine intercession), I was very fortunate to have met Gaudencio “Sonny” Ordoña, San Pedro’s resident historian. After the success of his book SAN PEDRO, LAGUNA: (NOON AT NGAYON) which he cowrote with scholar Amalia Cullarín Rosales, Kuya Sonny didn’t stop his momentum when he wrote and published his sophomore book entitled LOLO UWENG NG LANDAYAN (SA ISIP AT PUSO NG MGA DEBOTO) which is all about the history and testimonials of the church and its miraculous image, as well as the miracles attributed to them. Kuya Sonny was even so kind and trusting when he assigned me to translate his book into English (still unpublished). Kuya Sonny soon became a friend and even a spiritual adviser for me.

The arched entrance of the road which leads to the miraculous church.

The name of the church posted beside the arch.

The name of the church posted beside the arch.

This morning, I thought of taking my wife’s phone camera along with me and take some pictures and videos. It was to be my first time to go there on a very rainy Friday morning. I was surprised to still encounter the same multitude that I used to see there on sunny Fridays! The bad weather didn’t hamper the people’s devotion and will to visit Lolo Uweng in the Holy Sepulchre.

Lolo Uweng is how the devotees fondly call the sacred image. The following text is an excerpt taken from my still unpublished translation of Kuya Sonny’s best-selling book (available at all National Bookstores around San Pedro, La Laguna and at the Shrine itself):

LOLO UWENG NG LANDAYAN, Sa Isip at Puso ng mga Deboto (Biblio de ESDM de Landaian)

LOLO UWENG NG LANDAYAN, Sa Isip at Puso ng mga Deboto (Biblio de ESDM de Landaian)

Official Version

For a long period of time, devotees have exchanged alleged “true” histories among themselves regarding the origin of Lolo Uweng. Some say that he was a man who mysteriously turned into wood. Others claim that he was a piece of timber in the shape of a sleeping man. Because such stories go against the laws and principles of nature and science —and since superstition is clouded with mysteries— more questions than answers arose due to these various legends. Neither legend was accepted as the official versions.

In 2003, the administrators of the Parish of Sto. Sepulcro published the first official history of the image of Lolo Uweng. It is included in the document The Parish Profile, intended as a preparation for the shrinehood of the parish. Led by then Parish Administrator Msgr. Jerry V. Bitoon, the document was submitted to the Diocese of San Pablo. The document was regarded as a fundamental basis in the issuance of a decree. Thus, on December 1, 2006, the parish was proclaimed as the Shrine of Jesus Christ in the Holy Sepulchre.

This official report was regarded as a mere presumption due to a lack of documentary evidence. According to the report, the image could well have been a sculpture that was carved from a neighboring lakeshore town of Laguna Lake that is reputed for its people’s artistry; possible candidates are Angono in Rizal Province, and Paeté in Laguna (it should be noted that several giant-sized murals found in various churches throughout the Philippines are products of Angono sculptors). The image could’ve been set afloat on purpose by the sculptor o whoever owned it. Another theory is that it could have been washed towards the lake due to a severe storm which caused flooding; it was then carried by the currents towards the shores of Landayan where it was found by fishermen. It was regarded by them as miraculous; they built for it an altar and placed it inside a small chapel which was then known as a visita.

The summary of this version is inscribed on a bronze marker found at the entrance to the church:

…an image of the dead Jesus was found in the lakeshore of Landayan, San Pedro, Laguna. Since it was believed that the image is miraculous, the people of Landayan kept it and encased it in a camarín which was placed inside the visita for veneration. The event gave way to the devotion of Jesus in the Holy Sepulchre accompanied by stories regarding the miraculous icon as testified by both the local parishioners and the devotees from nearby provinces.

The road just below the Santo Sepulcro arch is called Calle Hernández; this road will lead you to the miraculous church.

The road just below the Santo Sepulcro arch is called Calle Hernández; this road will lead you to the miraculous church.

You may walk all the way to the church, or take a ride in smoke-free pedal-powered pedicabs (padiác).

You may walk all the way to the church, or take a ride in smoke-free pedal-powered pedicabs (padiác).


A sculpture of a dead Jesus Christ with an angel by his side.

A sculpture of a dead Jesus Christ with an angel by his side.

Multi-colored candles can be found anywhere around the church.

Multi-colored candles can be found anywhere around the church.

Inside the church. In front is the altar wrapped in golden lights.

Inside the church. In front is the altar wrapped in golden lights.

Decree of Erection.

Decree of Erection.



After having considered the petition of the many devotees of Jesus in the Holy Sepulchre, also known as “Lolo Uweng” here in the Parish of Santo Sepulcro, Landayan, San Pedro, Laguna, administered to by the Reverend Father Jeremías O. Oblepias, Jr. and after having consulted the College of Consultors and the Presbyteral Council.

We see that fostering the devotion to Jesus Christ in the Holy Sepulchre will enrich holiness for the Church; and so We hereby


That the Santo Sepulcro Parish in Landayan, San Pedro, Laguna be conferred the title


By this Decree of Erection, We also grant to the said Diocesan Shrine of Jesus in the Holy Sepulchre all the rights and privileges. It shall furthermore be governed by the provisions of cc. 1230-1234 of the Code of Canon Law.

Given in Landayan, San Pedro, Laguna, on this first day of December, in the second year of the Pontificate of His Holiness, Benedict XVI, in the year of our Lord two thousand and six.

Bishop of San Pedro

Attested by:


The church's brief history in bronze.

The church\’s brief history in bronze.

Sampaguita vendors. San Pedro, La Laguna is the Sampaguita Capital of the Philippines.

Sampaguita vendors. San Pedro, La Laguna is the Sampaguita Capital of the Philippines.

Religious items for sale (at right is Kuya Sonny’s book about Lolo Uweng and his church).

Religious items for sale (at right is Kuya Sonny’s book about Lolo Uweng and his church).




On top of the altar is the glass-covered encasement (camarín) which holds the miraculous image of Lolo Uweng. On the other side of this, a long queue of devotees patiently wait to hold the image.

On top of the altar is the glass-covered encasement (camarín) which holds the miraculous image of Lolo Uweng. On the other side of this, a long queue of devotees patiently wait to hold the image.

Taken from the choirloft.

Taken from the choirloft.



"Ama namin, sumasalañguit ca..."

\”Ama namin, sumasalañguit ca…\”

Agnus Dei.

Agnus Dei.

The Holy Communion commences...

The Holy Communion commences…

The long queue to Lolo Uweng. This hall is at the right side of the church.

The long queue to Lolo Uweng. This hall is at the right side of the church.

A frame of Fr. José María Escrivá which hangs on the hall leading to Lolo Uweng.

A frame of Fr. José María Escrivá which hangs on the hall leading to Lolo Uweng.

The Holy Communion ends.

The Holy Communion ends.

The patient devotees finally reach Lolo Uweng. During Holy Week, the queue could stretch as far as Calambâ!

The patient devotees finally reach Lolo Uweng. During Holy Week, the queue could stretch as far as Calambâ!

Legend of the Image’s Name

According to elders, foreigners from faraway places who visited Landayan have reportedly met an old man there who introduced himself as Emmanuel Salvador del Mundo. They claimed that the old man invited them to visit his home which was located near the big acacia trees of Landayan. Many of them heeded the request. Upon reaching Landayan, they realized that the “home” that was described to them by the old man is none other than the church, the visita itself, which has big acacia trees fronting it! And the old man who invited them has a striking resemblance to the Holy Image in the Holy Sepulchre!

There used to be six huge acacia trees that were at the plaza of Landayan, one of which was near the Balón ng Mahál na Señor; it was later cut down to give way for the widening of the plaza. Three of the trees were at the middle part of the plaza, and it was also necessary to cut these to give way for the construction of the concrete stage, basketball court, and the building of the Pamahalaang Barangay and Day Care. The last two remaining acacia trees are still alive, standing right in front of the church, playing as silent witnesses to all the happenings of yore which was related to Lolo Uweng. It was said that if only these two giants were able to speak, they would have manifested more stories about Lolo Uweng.

Tita Ledy said that the whole name of Emmanuel Salvador del Mundo was etched in the very first camarín (encasement) that was made of wood and glass. It was crafted by the elders soon after discovering the image by the lakeshore. This simple camarín was on top of a simple concrete platform in the middle of the visita’s altar. The image can be seen from the inside of the visita. It can be reached by a tunnel-like passage four steps high towards the camarín behind the altar. This is where devotees pass through to kiss and touch the sacred image.

Lelong Uweng was the original nickname of the image; in many parts of the Tagalog region, Lelong is what elderly people are fondly called. On the other hand, Uweng was a usual nickname for Emmanuel. Lelong was subsequently changed to Lolo to conform to the term’s evolution.

Perhaps Lolo Uweng would be the nickname that will stick to the image until the end of time.

Praying briefly but fervently.

Praying briefly but fervently.


This crown of thorns was made from the very same plant that produced the original crown which bloodied our Lord's head.

This crown of thorns was made from the very same plant that produced the original crown which bloodied our Lord\’s head.

Another beautiful candelabra.

Another beautiful candelabra.

"He humbled himself, becoming obedient to death, even death on a cross." Philippians 2:8

\”He humbled himself, becoming obedient to death, even death on a cross.\” Philippians 2:8

Adoration chapel.

Adoration chapel.

Kuya Sonny's book on sale for only P150.00. Much cheaper here compared to buying it from National Bookstore.

Kuya Sonny\’s book on sale for only P150.00. Much cheaper here compared to buying it from National Bookstore.


Brightly colored bricks.

Brightly colored bricks.

This leads to the Garden of Saints.

This leads to the Garden of Saints.

A replica of Lolo Uweng.

A replica of Lolo Uweng.

Blessing after Holy Mass.

Blessing after Holy Mass.

Marble basin for the agua bendita.

Marble stoup for the agua bendita.

That's me! So fuzzy!

That\’s me! So fuzzy!

Fridays in Barrio Landayan are lively, colorful, and festive. During that day, many vendors here from all over La Laguna sell their wares.

The modern church tower, made possible through various donors.

The miraculous well of Lolo Uweng, a few steps away from the church. Countless individuals who have various ailments claim to have been cured of this ancient well\’s mysterious water. A few days after my son Momay was born, his eyes suffered from an abnormal secretion of mucous. No amount of medication was able to cure him, until we brought him here. My wife sprinkled Momay\’s eyes with water from this miraculous well. Almost immediately, his eyes were cured — believe it or not!

Here are more photos which I took a week later (08/14/2009)…

Blessed oils.

Saint Michael the Archangel (with Mr. Loser underneath his heels), the patron saint of Barrio Landayan.

Multi-purpose hall.


(This blogpost was last updated on 09/12/2010.)

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